Philosophy in the City is an outreach programme led by student volunteers in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Sheffield. It aims to bring philosophy into the wider community, through work in schools, homeless shelters, and a centre for the elderly.
Jules Holroyd (joining the Centre in January 2016) is PI on the Leverhulme Bias and Blame Project, which investigates the question of whether moral interactions – such as blaming or exculpating – are effective in mitigating implicit bias. The project brings together philosophers and psychologists in order to develop experimental tools to investigate this question. The project team will produce papers on our results, and the implications of them both for combating bias, and for our practices of holding each other responsible. The project also aims to bring to bear these results on institutional practice and policy.
Holly Lawford-Smith’s Marie Curie FP7 Grant “Modelling International Cooperation Between States” is a three-year project aiming to both model cooperation between state agents, and make recommendations about the conditions under which such cooperation is likely to be successful, with a final view to commenting on current negotiations over climate change. The first stage of the project focuses on the nature of states as collective agents. The second stage focuses on whether state agents behave sufficiently similarly to ordinary human agents in at least some contexts that certain lessons from the wide experimental literature on cooperation between human agents apply across. You can watch Holly give a talk about this project here (overview from 1.02-15.40).
Robert Stern has an AHRC Fellowship for a project on ‘The Ethical Demand: K. E. Løgstrup’s Ethics and Its Implications’, which runs from September 2015 to February 2017. One of the aims of the project is to consider Løgstrup’s relation to care ethics, which will involve a seminar series on care ethics in general run in conjunction with Medical Humanities Sheffield, and an international conference, where both will involve academics, practitioners, educationalists and health care users. Another focus will be on Løgstrup’s treatment of the relation between ethics and theology in his work, and how far ethical matters can be treated independent of religious assumptions.
Annamaria Carusi has received funding from the Wellcome Trust for a new project, Crowdsourcing for Health: Scientists and Patients Reconfiguring Trials and Regulatory Practices. It examines the way that crowdsourcing is reshaping key gatekeeping mechanisms in healthcare such as regulatory tests and clinical trials. This project will compare scientific and patient communities in order to identify the main opportunities and challenges for healthcare of this redistribution of knowledge for healthcare. The project focuses on the inter-relationship between epistemic, social, pragmatic and ethical drivers.
Miranda Fricker (Sheffield/CUNY) and Boudewijn de Bruin (Groningen) have won a research grant from the Dutch Research Council (NWO) to fund two philosophy PhD students at Sheffield and Groningen to work on epistemic (in)justice and its detrimental effects in two professional fields: finance and healthcare. The healthcare branch of the project grows partly out of issues discussed in Miranda’s Medical Humanities Public Lecture last year ‘Epistemic Justice and the Medical Expert’ concerning the ways in which certain unwitting biases can affect the credibility that patients receive, and their ability to communicate their experiences. The finance branch grows out of work done by Boudewijn on the ethics of banking, and a former research project with Alex Oliver at the University of Cambridge.
The Leverhulme Implicit Bias and Philosophy International Research Network, directed by Jennifer Saul brought together philosophers, psychologists and others to work together (2011-2013) on implicit bias and related issues. Two volumes resulting from this project are now forthcoming with Oxford University Press, both co-edited by Michael Brownstein and Jennifer Saul.